This article applies to selling in: United States

Refrigerants: Ozone-Depleting Substances and Substitutes

Important: If you supply products for sale on Amazon, you must comply with all federal, state, and local laws and Amazon policies applicable to those products and product listings.

In the United States, refrigerants that harm the earth’s ozone layer – commonly called “ozone-depleting substances” or ODS – are regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Regulated refrigerants include substances that EPA has classified as “Class I” or “Class II” ODS, any substance that includes a Class I or Class II ODS, and “Substitute” refrigerants. At a high level:

  • Class I and Class II ODS: EPA publishes a complete list of Class I and Class II ODSs. Some of the more common Class I ODS are R-12, halon, and methyl bromide. Some of the more common Class II ODS are Freon (also called R-22 and HCFC-22) and HCFC 142b
  • Substitute Refrigerants: Substitute Refrigerants is a broad category and generally includes chemicals or products that are used as substitutes for Class I and Class II ODS to cool and transfer heat. Some common Substitutes include R-134a and R-441a

Except for a few very narrow exceptions, Class I, Class II, and Substitutes can only be sold, distributed, or offered for sale or distribution to buyers who have been certified as technicians through EPA-approved certification programs. These products are not permitted for sale on Amazon

The sale and distribution restrictions do not apply to a limited number of substances which can be used for cooling and heat transfer, however. These Exempt Refrigerants include, for example: carbon dioxide (R-744) or nitrogen (R-728) used as a refrigerant and refrigerants used for motor vehicle air conditioners (MVAC) in a container with a self-sealing valve designed to hold two pounds (32 oz) or less

Examples of permitted listings

  • Refrigerants that comply with all federal, state, and local laws and regulations, including the federal Clean Air Act and related Rules and Notices
  • Exempt Refrigerants marketed only for permissible uses, including refrigerants for use in a motor vehicle air conditioner which are contained in self-sealing containers designed to hold 2 pounds (32 oz) or less if the refrigerant is not a Class I or Class II ODS. These products must clearly state the refrigerant, its use, the container size, and the valve type (for example, R-134a for MVAC use in a 20-ounce self-sealing container)
  • Refrigerators, freezers, or other assembled products or appliances that include refrigerants
  • Empty refrigerant tanks

Examples of prohibited listings

  • Any Class I or II ODS
  • Substitute Refrigerants that are legal for sale only to certified technicians
  • Exempt Refrigerants marketed for impermissible uses

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