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This article applies to selling in: United States

2018 U.S. FBA Inventory Storage Fees and Policy Changes

In 2018, we are adjusting our FBA storage fees and policies to encourage improved inventory management, which will help your products be received and delivered to customers more quickly. These changes will take place throughout 2018. We are informing you now so you can plan for these changes.

FBA is introducing the following changes:

  • Monthly Inventory Storage Fees: Starting April 1, 2018, monthly inventory storage fees will be increased by $0.05 per cubic foot for standard-size and oversize items. This change will first be reflected in May 2018 charges for storage that occurs in April 2018. See the Monthly Inventory Storage Fees section for more details.
  • Long-Term Storage Fees: Starting September 15, 2018, long-term storage fees will be adjusted and the assessment dates will be changed from a semi-annual basis to a monthly basis. See the Long-Term Storage Fees section for more details.
  • Minimum Long-Term Storage Fees: On August 15, 2018, we will introduce a minimum charge of $0.50 per unit per month for items in fulfillment centers for 365 days or more. The greater of the applicable total long-term storage fee or minimum long-term storage fee will be charged. See the Minimum Long-Term Storage Fees section for more details.

Changes for sellers with a Professional selling plan:

Through the inventory management tools and FBA storage fee structure, our goal is to encourage efficient inventory management that benefits you, customers, and Amazon. While we continue to invest in our fulfillment network to better serve your business, at times we experience physical constraints on inventory capacity during key shopping seasons. To help minimize these constraints, we want to continue to allow the most efficiently managed inventory to flow through the network, while limiting less efficiently managed inventory.

The Inventory Performance Index is our first step in setting a bar on inventory performance. Beginning July 1, 2018, we may limit access to storage for sellers with an Inventory Performance Index below 350. Your score is updated weekly based on your ongoing inventory management. Sellers who maintain an index score of 350 or greater will have unlimited storage for standard size and oversize items (monthly storage fees and long-term storage fees still apply). See FBA Storage Limits Changes for more details.

Changes for sellers with a Professional selling plan who do not maintain an Inventory Performance Index score of 350 or greater:

Starting July 1, 2018, storage limits will be evaluated every three months on a quarterly cycle. If your Inventory Performance Index is less than 350 six weeks before the start of a quarter, you will be notified of your potential storage limits. If your Inventory Performance Index score is still less than 350 at the end of that quarter, those limits will apply for the next quarter. See FBA Storage Limits Changes for more details and examples.

Under the FBA inventory storage limits policy, you will not be able to create a new shipment to Amazon until your inventory level drops below your storage limits. If your existing inventory exceeds your storage limits for a given month, we will also charge an Inventory Storage Overage Fee on the portion of your inventory that exceeds your storage limits, in addition to monthly inventory storage fees and, if applicable, long-term storage fees. The overage fee will be charged monthly at $10.00 per cubic foot, based on the daily average volume of inventory that exceeded your storage limits throughout the month. We will be updating our tools to reflect cubic feet of storage instead of the number of units that we currently show.

Monthly Inventory Storage Fees

Starting April 1, 2018, monthly inventory storage fees will be increased by $0.05 per cubic foot for standard-size and oversize items. This change will first be reflected in May 2018 charges for storage that occurs in April 2018.

These changes also affect storage fees for the Multi-Channel Fulfillment and FBA Small and Light programs.

Prior to April 1, 2018
Storage month Standard-size Oversize
January – September $0.64 per cubic foot $0.43 per cubic foot
October – December $2.35 per cubic foot $1.15 per cubic foot
April 1, 2018 and after
Storage month Standard-size Oversize
January – September $0.69 per cubic foot $0.48 per cubic foot
October – December $2.40 per cubic foot $1.20 per cubic foot

Long-Term Storage Fees

Starting September 15, 2018, long-term storage fees will be adjusted and the assessment dates will be changed from a semi-annual basis to a monthly basis.

These changes also affect storage fees for the Multi-Channel Fulfillment and FBA Small and Light programs.

Prior to September 15, 2018
Inventory assessment date Items in fulfillment centers 181 to 365 days Items in fulfillment centers 365 days or more
Semi-annual (February 15 and August 15) $11.25 per cubic foot $22.50 per cubic foot
September 15, 2018 and after
Inventory assessment date Items in fulfillment centers 181 to 365 days Items in fulfillment centers 365 days or more
Monthly (15th of every month) $3.45 per cubic foot $6.90 per cubic foot

Minimum Long-Term Storage Fees

On August 15, 2018, we will introduce a minimum charge of $0.50 per unit per month for items in fulfillment centers for 365 days or more. The greater of the applicable total long-term storage fee or minimum long-term storage fee will be charged.

These changes also affect storage fees for the Multi-Channel Fulfillment and FBA Small and Light programs.

August 15, 2018 and after
Inventory assessment date Items in fulfillment centers 365 days or more
Monthly (15th of every month) $0.50 per unit

Long-Term Storage Fee Examples

The examples below illustrate the updated minimum long-term storage fee, effective August 15, 2018, and the updated monthly long-term storage fee, effective September 1, 2018.

Inventory cleanup date: August 15, 2018

Toy: 11" X 8" X 2" Storage Duration Applicable long-term storage fee Applicable minimum long-term storage fee Effective long-term storage fee
1 unit 181-365 days $1.15 Not applicable $1.15
1 unit 365 days or more $2.29 $0.50 $2.29
2 units 181-365 days $2.29 Not applicable $2.29
2 units 365 days or more $4.58 $1.00 $4.58
10 units 181-365 days $11.46 Not applicable $11.46
10 units 365 days or more $22.92 $5.00 $22.92
Book: 8" X 6" X 0.5" Storage Duration Applicable long-term storage fee Applicable minimum long-term storage fee Effective long-term storage fee
1 unit 181-365 days $0.16 Not applicable $0.16
1 unit 365 days or more $0.31 $0.50 $0.50
2 units 181-365 days $0.31 Not applicable $0.31
2 units 365 days or more $0.63 $1.00 $1.00
10 units 181-365 days $1.56 Not applicable $1.56
10 units 365 days or more $3.13 $5.00 $5.00

Inventory cleanup date: September 15, 2018 (and the 15th of each month following September)

Toy: 11" X 8" X 2" Storage Duration Applicable long-term storage fee Applicable minimum long-term storage fee Effective long-term storage fee
1 unit 181-365 days $0.35 Not applicable $0.35
1 unit 365 days or more $0.70 $0.50 $0.70
2 units 181-365 days $0.70 Not applicable $0.70
2 units 365 days or more $1.41 $1.00 $1.41
10 units 181-365 days $3.51 Not applicable $3.51
10 units 365 days or more $7.03 $5.00 $7.03
Book: 8" X 6" X 0.5" Storage Duration Applicable long-term storage fee Applicable minimum long-term storage fee Effective long-term storage fee
1 unit 181-365 days $0.05 Not applicable $0.05
1 unit 365 days or more $0.10 $0.50 $0.50
2 units 181-365 days $0.10 Not applicable $0.10
2 units 365 days or more $0.19 $1.00 $1.00
10 units 181-365 days $0.48 Not applicable $0.48
10 units 365 days or more $0.96 $5.00 $5.00

Frequently Asked Questions

When do these changes take effect?

The new monthly inventory storage fees will take effect on April 1, 2018. This change will first be reflected in May 2018 charges for storage that occurs in April 2018.

The new Long-Term Storage Fees will take effect on September 15, 2018. Additionally, the assessment dates will be changed from a semi-annual basis to a monthly basis.

The new minimum long-term storage fees will take effect on August 15, 2018. The applicable fee will be charged per unit per month for items in our fulfillment centers for 365 days or more.

The storage limits policy changes will take effect on July 1, 2018. Refer to FBA Storage Limits Changes for more details.

Which of my products will be charged the long-term storage fee, and how much will I be charged?

You can use the Inventory Age and Inventory Health reports (sign-in required) to identify which ASINs in your inventory are subject to the long-term storage fee. For each ASIN, you can view your inventory by the amount of time it has been in an Amazon fulfillment center, including:

  • 0 to 90 days
  • 91 to 180 days
  • 181 to 270 days
  • 271 to 365 days
  • 365+ days

This information can help you estimate the number of items that will have been in our fulfillment centers for six months or more in advance of the next inventory cleanup date.

The Recommended Removals report (sign-in required) can also help you identify subject to a long-term storage fee. This report automatically calculates on an ASIN-by-ASIN basis the number of items you need to remove (assuming no further sales) to avoid the long-term storage fee, and pre-populates a removal order request for those items.

You can find the Inventory Age page by clicking Inventory Planning under the Inventory tab in your seller account. For the Inventory Health and Recommended Removal reports, click Fulfillment under the Reports tab.

Do I need to do a daily review for inventory that will be charged the long-term storage fee?

No, but active management of aged inventory is encouraged especially when your inventory will have been in our fulfillment centers for six months or longer. If your inventory remains in our fulfillment centers for 6 months or longer before being sold or removed (via a removal request), you will be assessed a long term storage fee on the 15th of every month. You can use the Inventory Age and Inventory Health reports (sign-in required) to identify which ASINs in your inventory are subject to the long-term storage fee. All inventory is accounted for on a first-in-first-out (FIFO) basis.

What if I have some inventory that has been in Amazon fulfillment centers for more than six months and some for less than six months?

The items that have been in our fulfillment centers for less than six months will not be charged a long-term storage fee. Only those items that have been in our fulfillment centers for six to 12 months will be assessed a long-term storage fee. Additionally, only those items that have been in our fulfillment centers for 12 months or longer will be assessed the greater of the long-term storage fee or the minimum long-term storage fee.

FBA accounts for inventory on a FIFO basis across our entire fulfillment network. This means that, for the purpose of determining how long inventory has been in our fulfillment centers, we will account for the sale or removal of inventory by deducting it from the inventory that has been in our fulfillment network the longest, regardless of which physical item was actually shipped or removed.

Will I be charged both the minimum long-term storage fee and the long-term storage fee for a unit that has been in a fulfillment center for more than 12 months?

No, a specific item will not be charged both a minimum long-term storage fee and long-term storage fee at the same time. If an item has been in our fulfillment centers 12 months or more, you will be charged the greater of the applicable long-term storage fee (charged per cubic foot) and the minimum long-term storage fee (charged per unit).

Will I be charged twice long-term storage fee for a unit that has been in a fulfillment center for more than 12 months? In other words, will it be charged the six to 12 month long-term storage fee and the 12 months or more long-term storage fee at the same time?

No, a specific item is not subject to both 6-month and 12-month assessments at the same time. Inventory falls into one of three categories:

  • In an Amazon fulfillment center for less than six months as of the inventory cleanup date (no charge)
  • In an Amazon fulfillment center for 6 to 12 months as of the inventory cleanup date
  • In an Amazon fulfillment center for 12 months or more as of the inventory cleanup date

Does my inventory need to be out of the fulfillment center before the inventory cleanup date to avoid the long-term storage fee, or will submitting a removal request before the cleanup date be sufficient to avoid the fee?

Submitting the removal request before the cleanup date is sufficient to avoid the fee, even if the inventory has not physically been removed yet. Inventory in sellable condition will be available for sale until the removal is complete. You will not be charged for removed inventory until it has been returned to you or disposed of.

Is the long-term storage fee in lieu of the monthly inventory storage fee or in addition to it?

This fee is in addition to the monthly inventory storage fee. The monthly inventory storage fee will continue to be charged each month.

Will this fee change affect Multi-Channel Fulfillment?

Yes. All non-fulfillment fees for Multi-Channel Fulfillment will continue to be the same as FBA. For more information on changes to applicable FBA fees, please visit the FBA features and fees page. The fulfillment fees for the Multi-Channel Fulfillment program are not changing at this time.

Will this fee change affect items in the FBA Small and Light program?

Yes. The minimum long-term storage fees for Small and Light items will be $0.25 a unit starting August 15, 2018. For more information, go to FBA Small and Light.

Will this fee change affect the Inventory Placement Service?

No. The fulfillment fees for the Inventory Placement Service are not changing at this time.

I have questions not addressed here. How can I get help?

If you've reviewed these fee change details and have additional questions, please contact Seller Support. If you do not have questions but would like to send the FBA team your feedback on this fee change, please e-mail fba-fee-announce-feedback@amazon.com. The Fulfillment by Amazon team will review feedback sent to this address.

For more information, see Fulfillment fees for FBA orders.



2018 U.S. FBA Fulfillment Fee and Dimensional Weight Changes

As in previous years, FBA fees in the U.S. have been adjusted to reflect the changing costs of fulfillment, transportation, and customer service. The new fulfillment fees took effect on February 22, 2018.

FBA is introducing the following changes:

  • Fulfillment Fees: We have adjusted our fulfillment fees for most product size tiers and weights. The adjusted fees apply throughout the year, and we no longer have a separate rate for October through December. For more information, see FBA Fulfillment Fees below.
  • Dimensional Weight Calculation: We have adjusted the way we calculate dimensional weight to align with current industry standards. Dimensional weight was previously calculated as the unit volume (based on length x width x height in inches) divided by 166. Effective February 22, 2018, we calculate dimensional weight as the unit volume (based on length x width x height in inches) divided by 139 (instead of 166). The dimensional weight is only applicable for large standard-size items weighing more than 1 lb. and all small, medium, and large oversize items.

FBA Fulfillment Fees

The adjusted FBA fulfillment fees shown below took effect on February 22, 2018. The adjusted fees apply throughout the year, and we no longer have a separate rate for October through December.

Starting February 22, 2018, we calculate dimensional weight as the unit volume (based on length x width x height in inches) divided by 139 (instead of 166, as it was previously). The dimensional weight is only applicable for large standard-size items weighing more than 1 lb. and all small, medium, and large oversize items. Please note that dimensional weight is also used to calculate fees for Multi-Channel Fulfillment and the Inventory Placement Service.

Prior to February 22, 2018 February 22, 2018 and after
Standard-size January - September October - December Year-round Rates
Small (1 lb. or less) $2.41 $2.39 $2.41
Large (1 lb. or less) $2.99 $2.88 $3.19
Large (1 lb. to 2 lb.) $4.18 $3.96 $4.71
Large (over 2 lb.) $4.18 +$0.39/lb. above first 2 lb. $3.96 +$0.35/lb. above first 2 lb. $4.71 +$0.38/lb. above first 2 lb.

Oversize January - September October - December Year-round Rates
Small Oversize $6.85 +$0.39/lb. above first 2 lb. $6.69 +$0.35/lb. above first 2 lb. $8.13 +$0.38/lb. above first 2 lb.
Medium Oversize $9.20 +$0.39/lb. above first 2 lb. $8.73 +$0.35/lb. above first 2 lb. $9.44 +$0.38/lb. above first 2 lb.
Large Oversize $75.06 +$0.80/lb. above first 90 lb. $69.50 +$0.76/lb. above first 90 lb. $73.18 +$0.79/lb. above first 90 lb.
Special Oversize $138.08 +$0.92/lb. above first 90 lb. $131.44 +$0.88/lb. above first 90 lb. $137.32 +$0.91/lb. above first 90 lb.
Add $0.40 per unit for clothing items

Product Examples

The following product examples help illustrate the new FBA fee structure.

Small standard-size (1 lb. or less)

Mobile device case

Dimensions: 13.8" x 9.0" x 0.7"

Unit weight: 0.18 lb.

Outbound shipping weight: 1 lb.

Prior to February 22, 2018
Fulfillment fee (per-unit total)
January–September $2.41
October–December $2.39

February 22, 2018 and after
Fulfillment fee (per-unit total)
Year-round Rates $2.41
Large standard-size (1 lb. or less)

T-shirt

Dimensions: 8.5" x 4.8" x 1"

Unit weight: 0.35 lb.

Outbound shipping weight: 1 lb.

Prior to February 22, 2018
Fulfillment fee (per-unit total)
January–September $3.39*
October–December $3.28*

February 22, 2018 and after
Fulfillment fee (per-unit total)
Year-round Rates $3.59*

*All clothing items will continue to incur an additional $0.40 per-unit fulfillment fee regardless of size tier.

Large standard-size (over 2 lb.)

Iron

Dimensions: 12.6" x 6.6" x 5.5"

Unit weight: 3.35 lb.

Outbound shipping weight: 4 lb.

Prior to February 22, 2018
Fulfillment fee (per-unit total)
January–September $4.96
October–December $4.66

February 22, 2018 and after
Fulfillment fee (per-unit total)
Year-round Rates $5.47
Small oversize

Baby cot

Dimensions: 24" x 7.5" x 6"

Unit weight: 7.90 lb.

Outbound shipping weight: 9 lb.

Prior to February 22, 2018
Fulfillment fee (per-unit total)
January–September $9.58
October–December $9.14

February 22, 2018 and after
Fulfillment fee (per-unit total)
Year-round Rates $10.79
Large oversize

Monitor

Dimensions: 54" x 35" x 3.5"

Unit weight: 41 lb.

Outbound shipping weight: 49 lb.*

Prior to February 22, 2018
Dimensional weight: 39.85 lb.

Fulfillment fee (per-unit total)
January–September $75.06
October–December $69.50

February 22, 2018 and after
Dimensional weight: 47.59 lb.

Fulfillment fee (per-unit total)
Year-round Rates $73.18

*Based on a dimensional weight of 47.59 lb., which is greater than the unit weight.

Fees for FBA Prep Service will not change at this time.

2017 FBA Improvements

We remain dedicated to providing high value to our sellers. Here’s a look at some of the improvements to FBA in 2017:

  • Even Faster Free Shipping: We offer Prime FREE One-Day Shipping and Same-Day Delivery in more than 5,000 cities, including pickup on millions of items at campus locations. Unlimited FREE Two-Day Shipping continues to be available to U.S. Prime members on more than 50 million items across all product categories.
  • International Selling Tools: The Build International Listings tool has expanded to enable FBA sellers who have linked their accounts to replicate Amazon and seller-fulfilled offers and synchronize pricing across North America, Europe, and Japan.
  • SKU Performance: The new SKU performance feature allows easy access to product sales, pricing, and inventory performance data with a single click of any SKU link on the Manage Inventory and Excess Inventory pages, or simply enter your SKU in the Seller Central search bar.
  • Inventory Performance: The new Inventory Performance Index metric aggregates data from your sales, inventory, and costs to measure the overall growth and efficiency of your FBA business. Based on this metric, we provide you with three specific steps to help increase your score: restock recommendations, excess inventory suggestions, and stranded inventory actions. See your Inventory Performance Index score.

Frequently Asked Questions

When do these changes take effect?

The new fulfillment fees took effect on February 22, 2018. The adjusted fees apply throughout the year, and we no longer have a separate rate for October through December.

Starting February 22, 2018, we calculate dimensional weight as the unit volume (based on length x width x height in inches) divided by 139 (instead of 166, as it was previously). The dimensional weight is only applicable for large standard-size items weighing more than 1 lb. and all small, medium, and large oversize units. Please note that dimensional weight is also used to calculate fees for Multi-Channel Fulfillment and the Inventory Placement Service.

Will the FBA fulfillment fee changes apply to products ordered before February 22, 2018?

The FBA fulfillment fees are calculated and charged when shipments leave Amazon fulfillment centers. As a result, if a product is ordered prior to February 22, 2018, but is shipped on or after February 22, 2018, the new FBA fulfillment fees will apply.

How do I determine what product size tier my product belongs to?

Use the product size tier table to determine your product's size tier.

Will this fee change affect Multi-Channel Fulfillment or the Inventory Placement Service?

The rates for the Multi-Channel Fulfillment program and the Inventory Placement Service are not changing at this time. However, please note that dimensional weight is also used to calculate fees for both Multi-Channel Fulfillment and the Inventory Placement Service, and the way we calculate dimensional weight has changed.

Starting February 22, 2018, we calculate dimensional weight as the unit volume (based on length x width x height in inches) divided by 139 (instead of 166, as it was previously). The dimensional weight is only applicable for large standard-size items weighing more than 1 lb. and all small, medium, and large oversize items.

Will this fee change affect items in the FBA Small and Light program?

Small and Light program fulfillment fees are based on the sale price of an item. For more information, go to FBA Small and Light.

I have questions not addressed here. How can I get help?

If you've reviewed these fee change details and have additional questions, please contact Seller Support. If you do not have questions but would like to send the FBA team your feedback on this fee change, please e-mail fba-fee-announce-feedback@amazon.com. The Fulfillment by Amazon team will review feedback sent to this address.

For more information, see Fulfillment fees for FBA orders.

Glossary

Small standard-size

Any packaged item that is 12 oz. or less with its longest side 15" or less, its shortest side 0.75" or less, and its median side 12" or less.

Large standard-size

Any packaged item that is 20 lb. or less with its longest side 18" or less, its shortest side 8" or less, and its median side 14" or less.

Small oversize

Any packaged unit that is 70 lb. or less with its longest side 60" or less, its median side 30" or less, and its longest side plus girth 130 inches or less.

Medium oversize

Any packaged unit that is 150 lb. or less with its longest side 108" or less, and its longest side plus girth 130" or less.

Large oversize

Any packaged unit that is 150 lb. or less with its longest side 108" or less, and its longest side plus girth 165" or less.

Special oversize

Any packaged unit that exceeds one or more of the following: Over 150 lb. (dimensional weight or unit weight), over 108" on its longest side, or over 165" when longest side is added to girth. In addition, products that we determine require special handling or delivery will qualify for Special Oversize.

Median side

The dimension of a product that is neither the longest nor the shortest side.

Girth

A unit measure, equivalent to 2 x (median side + shortest side).

Unit weight

The weight of an individual unit.

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