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Dangerous goods identification guide

Dangerous goods (also called hazardous materials or Hazmat) are substances or materials that may pose a risk to health, safety, property, or the environment while storing, handling or transporting because they contain flammable, pressurized, corrosive, or otherwise harmful substances.

Dangerous goods are regulated in the United States by the following:

Depending upon your location, other dangerous goods regulations may apply, such as:

Dangerous goods and your responsibilities as a seller

All dangerous goods sent to Amazon must comply with all applicable regulations to ensure safe and correct transportation, storage, handling and labeling. Failure to comply exposes employees, carriers, and customers to potential health and safety risks.

In order to sell dangerous goods through Fulfillment by Amazon, you must:

  • Keep informed about the current relevant legislation and regulations
  • Provide complete and correct information about your products
  • Provide complete, correct, and up-to-date safety data sheets (SDS) and exemption sheets
Important: When you ship inventory to Amazon, you warrant that all products comply with any legal requirements, and that the information you provide is complete, correct, and up-to-date. Providing incorrect or incomplete information may result in your products being blocked from sale, and you may be asked to take corrective actions, or you may lose your Amazon selling privileges. Products that are identified as unfulfillable dangerous goods upon receipt at the fulfillment center may be disposed of at your expense without reimbursement to you.

Identifying dangerous goods

Dangerous goods are divided into nine classes (with several subdivisions) on the basis of the specific characteristics producing the risk.

Amazon will only accept:

  • Dangerous goods in limited quantities, also known as ORM-D (as defined in latest version of 49CFR)
  • Dangerous goods in limited quantities (as defined in latest version of TDG)
  • Products with lithium batteries under certain conditions (according to packing instructions 965 to 970 of latest IATA DGR)
  • Products classified as magnetized material
  • Products shipped with non-spillable batteries

For more information on shipping lithium batteries, see Requirements for lithium batteries or products that ship with lithium batteries.

Amazon reserves the right to reject certain products based on the danger they pose, even if they otherwise fall into the above categories. Some classes, even in limited quantities, will systematically be rejected by Amazon.

The following classes are approved for FBA in limited quantities only:

Class Division Name Transport label Hazard pictogram
2 2.1 Flammable gases
2.2 Non-flammable, non-toxic gases
3 - Flammable liquids
4 4.1 Flammable solids
5 5.1 Oxidizers
5.2 Organic peroxides
6 6.1 Toxic substances
8 - Corrosive substances
9 - Miscellaneous dangerous substances

The following classes are prohibited from FBA:

Class Division Name Transport label Hazard pictogram
1 - Explosive substances
2 2.3 Toxic gas
4 4.2 Substances liable to spontaneous combustion
4.3 Substances dangerous when wet
6 6.2 Infectious substances
7 - Radioactive material
Important: The above transport labels are for your information only. Do not use these labels.

For shipments of limited quantities of dangerous goods to Amazon fulfillment centers, the only accepted transport labels are:


Finding additional information about products that may be regulated as dangerous goods

Any warning labels or warning phrases on a product package indicates that it might be regulated as a dangerous good. Some products that are regulated as dangerous goods do not require warning labels or phrases (cosmetics and speakers containing magnetized material, for example). The absence of any labels or warnings does not mean they are not dangerous goods.

If you think your product might be regulated as a dangerous good, contact the manufacturer or supplier and ask if your product is regulated by any of the regulations listed at the beginning of this article. The manufacturer is required to provide you with a complete safety data sheet (SDS) for all regulated products with the exception of finished cosmetics and battery products. You must provide this SDS to Amazon.

To learn more about safety data sheets, see Required information for products regulated as dangerous goods.

For more information about dangerous goods, see:

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