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This article applies to selling in: United States

FBA long-term storage fees

On the 15th of each month, Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) conducts an inventory cleanup. On these dates, inventory that has been in US fulfillment centers for more than 365 days incurs a long-term storage fee (LTSF) of $6.90 per cubic foot or a $0.15 per-unit long-term storage fee, whichever is greater.

As announced in the 2019 US FBA fee changes summary, we are eliminating long-term storage fees for units that have been in a fulfillment center for 181 to 365 days. The last long-term storage fee charge for inventory in a fulfillment center for 181 to 365 days was January 15, 2019. This change is not retroactive. Any previous 181 to 365 day charges will not be reimbursed.

Note: Inventory enrolled in FBA Small and Light remains subject to LTSF charges on units in fulfillment centers between 181 to 365 days. See FBA Small and Light for current LTSF rates for these units.

Long-term storage fees, February 15, 2019, and after

Inventory cleanup date Items in a fulfillment center more than 365 days
15th of every month $6.90 per cubic foot

Minimum per-unit long-term storage fees

Items that have been in a fulfillment center for more than 365 days are subject to a per-unit long-term storage fee each month. Prior to February 15, 2019, the minimum per unit rate was $0.50 per unit for items that have been in a fulfillment center more than 365 days. The minimum per-unit charge is $0.15 starting February 15, 2019.

This change is not retroactive. Either the per-cubic-foot or minimum per-unit long-term storage fee will apply, whichever is greater.

Minimum long-term storage fee, February 15, 2019, and after

Inventory cleanup date Items in fulfillment centers more than 365 days
15th of every month $0.15 per unit

If you have offers in the FBA Small and Light program, see the program’s help page for applicable long-term storage fees.

Long-term storage fee examples

The examples below illustrate how long-term storage fees will be calculated effective February 15, 2019.

Inventory cleanup date: February 15, 2019 (and the 15th of each following month)

Toy: 11 x 8 x 2 inches Storage duration Applicable cubic-foot LTSF Applicable per-unit LTSF Billed long-term storage fee (the greater of the two)
1 unit More than 365 days $0.70 $0.15 $0.70
2 units More than 365 days $1.41 $0.30 $1.41
10 units More than 365 days $7.03 $1.50 $7.03
Book: 8 x 6 x 0.5 inches Storage duration Applicable cubic-foot LTSF Applicable per-unit LTSF Billed long-term storage fee (the greater of the two)
1 unit More than 365 days $0.10 $0.15 $0.15
2 units More than 365 days $0.19 $0.30 $0.30
10 units More than 365 days $0.96 $1.50 $1.50

How to identify inventory subject to fees

You can use the Inventory Age and Inventory Health reports to identify which ASINs in your inventory are subject to long-term storage fees. For each ASIN, you can see your inventory by the amount of time it has been in a fulfillment center:

  • 0 to 90 days
  • 91 to 180 days
  • 181 to 270 days
  • 271 to 365 days
  • 365+ days

This information can help you estimate the number of items that will have been in a fulfillment center for more than 365 days by the next inventory cleanup date.

The Recommended Removals report can also help you identify items subject to long-term storage fees. This report automatically calculates, on an ASIN-by-ASIN basis, the number of items you would need to remove to avoid long-term storage fees — assuming no further sales. This report identifies items that are subject to long-term storage fees up to 30 days before each long-term storage fee charge date.

To find the Inventory Age page, go to the Inventory tab in your seller account, then Inventory Planning. For the Inventory Health and Recommended Removal reports, go to the Reports tab, then Fulfillment.

Your inventory: First in, first out

The long-term storage fee is in addition to the monthly inventory storage fee. Assessment is based on the date an item is received in the fulfillment center.

Only items that have been in a fulfillment center for more than 365 days will be assessed a long-term storage fee.

FBA calculates inventory age on a first-in-first-out (FIFO) basis across the entire fulfillment network. Items sold or removed are deducted from the inventory that has been in the fulfillment network the longest, regardless of which unit was actually shipped or removed.

For example, if a fulfillment center associate picks and ships a unit that arrived in the FC recently, FBA will still deduct that unit from the oldest inventory in stock.

How to avoid long-term storage fees

Active management of older inventory can help you avoid long-term storage fees. To remove older inventory before the next inventory cleanup date, you can:

  • Submit a removal order
  • Set up automated removals for inventory subject to long-term storage fees

Submit a removal order: If you submit a removal order for inventory before the cleanup date, that inventory won’t incur a long-term storage fee, even if it isn’t physically removed before the cleanup date. The deadline for submitting a removal order is 11:59 p.m. (PT) on the 14th of the month.

Inventory in sellable condition will be available for sale until the removal is complete. You will not be charged a removal order fee until the inventory has been returned to you or disposed of.

Items that sell after having incurred a long-term storage fee are not eligible for a refund of that fee.

Set up automated removals: Inventory designated for removal based on your automated long-term storage fee removal settings as of 15th of each month will not be subject to long-term storage fees. To set up automated removals, go to the Settings menu in Seller Central and click Fulfillment by Amazon.

You can enable removal of all inventory subject to long-term storage fees or select a price range to determine which items are removed. You can also keep inventory priced above a certain amount in the fulfillment center and pay the long-term storage fees for those items only, and have the rest returned to you or disposed of. Standard removal fees apply. For more information, see Remove inventory automatically.

Any items that you don’t remove and that are in sellable condition will continue to be available for sale and will be eligible for Amazon Prime and free shipping.

When can you replenish your inventory?

If you choose to remove units of an ASIN that would be subject to long-term storage fees at the next inventory cleanup date, you won't be able to send us more units of that ASIN for three months after that date, unless your FBA inventory of that product falls below our projection of its sales for the next eight weeks.

Three months after the inventory cleanup date: Restrictions based on removals are lifted at this point. For example, if you remove inventory before the February 15 inventory cleanup — between January 16 and 11:59 p.m. (PT) on February 14 — you’ll be able to send more units of that ASIN to fulfillment centers starting on May 15 (unless your ability to send units of that ASIN has been restricted for another reason).

Inventory level falls below sales projection: We base our projection of your sales of an ASIN for the next eight weeks on your average sales rate for that ASIN during the preceding 90 days. At any point that your inventory level for that ASIN falls below eight weeks of cover, the removal-based restriction is lifted and you can send more units to fulfillment centers.

Your inventory utilization for that ASIN may not exceed the preceding 90 days of sales — approximately 13 weeks of cover. Inventory utilization is your in-stock inventory plus any inventory on its way to a fulfillment center, from creation of a shipment order to receiving at the fulfillment center.

How much new inventory can you send?

For example, the ASIN you removed sold 180 units in the preceding 90 days. Based on that, our projection of your sales for the next eight weeks is 112 units calculated as: 180/90 (avg. sold per day) x 7 (days) x 8 (weeks).

If your inventory utilization fell below 112, you could send more units of that ASIN to the fulfillment center.

Since your total inventory utilization may not exceed 90 days of sales — in this case, 180 units — if your inventory utilization fell to 111 units, you could send in up to 69 units to the fulfillment center (180 - 111 = 69).

More examples:

The table below provides more examples of how much new inventory you can send to fulfillment centers after you’ve removed items subject to long-term storage fees.

Sales in preceding 90 days Projected sales for next 8 weeks Inventory on its way to a fulfillment center In-stock units Inventory utilization Can you send in more units? Number of units you can send in
270 168 70 100 170 No 0
270 168 70 85 155 Yes 115
1,000 622 500 200 700 No 0
1,000 622 500 100 600 Yes 400
9 6 12 10 22 No 0
9 6 3 2 5 Yes 4
Note: If there is a prior restriction on sending your ASIN to fulfillment centers because of a removal during an earlier long-term storage fee cycle, the longest restriction will apply.
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